liquibase中不同数据库之间的的数据类型对应关系

2021-03-14 13:53 阅读

数据库设计时,经常会有跨数据库平台的要求。虽然不同数据库的数据类型各不一样,但都可以找到代替的数据库类型。

如mysql有tinyint类型,但oracle只有number,这时可以使用number(3)代替tinyint。

MySQL中有boolean类型,但只是TINYINT(1)的别名。为了方便和其它数据库boolean类型对应,liquibase使用BIT(1)作为MySQL的boolean类型。

另外,navicat在对不同数据库进行转换时,varchar2超过1000个字符,就会用clob代替。可以考虑将varchar的最大长度规定为1000。

这里列出数据库管理工具liquibase中不同数据库之间的的数据类型对应关系,作为参考。

boolean
MySQLDatabase: BIT(1)
SQLiteDatabase: BOOLEAN
H2Database: BOOLEAN
PostgresDatabase: BOOLEAN
UnsupportedDatabase: BOOLEAN
DB2Database: SMALLINT
MSSQLDatabase: [bit]
OracleDatabase: NUMBER(1)
HsqlDatabase: BOOLEAN
FirebirdDatabase: SMALLINT
DerbyDatabase: SMALLINT
InformixDatabase: BOOLEAN
SybaseDatabase: BIT
SybaseASADatabase: BIT

tinyint
MySQLDatabase: TINYINT
SQLiteDatabase: TINYINT
H2Database: TINYINT
PostgresDatabase: SMALLINT
UnsupportedDatabase: TINYINT
DB2Database: SMALLINT
MSSQLDatabase: [tinyint]
OracleDatabase: NUMBER(3)
HsqlDatabase: TINYINT
FirebirdDatabase: SMALLINT
DerbyDatabase: SMALLINT
InformixDatabase: TINYINT
SybaseDatabase: TINYINT
SybaseASADatabase: TINYINT

int
MySQLDatabase: INT
SQLiteDatabase: INTEGER
H2Database: INT
PostgresDatabase: INT
UnsupportedDatabase: INT
DB2Database: INTEGER
MSSQLDatabase: [int]
OracleDatabase: INTEGER
HsqlDatabase: INT
FirebirdDatabase: INT
DerbyDatabase: INTEGER
InformixDatabase: INT
SybaseDatabase: INT
SybaseASADatabase: INT

mediumint
MySQLDatabase: MEDIUMINT
SQLiteDatabase: MEDIUMINT
H2Database: MEDIUMINT
PostgresDatabase: MEDIUMINT
UnsupportedDatabase: MEDIUMINT
DB2Database: MEDIUMINT
MSSQLDatabase: [int]
OracleDatabase: MEDIUMINT
HsqlDatabase: MEDIUMINT
FirebirdDatabase: MEDIUMINT
DerbyDatabase: MEDIUMINT
InformixDatabase: MEDIUMINT
SybaseDatabase: MEDIUMINT
SybaseASADatabase: MEDIUMINT

bigint
MySQLDatabase: BIGINT
SQLiteDatabase: BIGINT
H2Database: BIGINT
PostgresDatabase: BIGINT
UnsupportedDatabase: BIGINT
DB2Database: BIGINT
MSSQLDatabase: [bigint]
OracleDatabase: NUMBER(38, 0)
HsqlDatabase: BIGINT
FirebirdDatabase: BIGINT
DerbyDatabase: BIGINT
InformixDatabase: INT8
SybaseDatabase: BIGINT
SybaseASADatabase: BIGINT

float
MySQLDatabase: FLOAT
SQLiteDatabase: FLOAT
H2Database: FLOAT
PostgresDatabase: FLOAT
UnsupportedDatabase: FLOAT
DB2Database: FLOAT
MSSQLDatabase: [float](53)
OracleDatabase: FLOAT
HsqlDatabase: FLOAT
FirebirdDatabase: FLOAT
DerbyDatabase: FLOAT
InformixDatabase: FLOAT
SybaseDatabase: FLOAT
SybaseASADatabase: FLOAT

double
MySQLDatabase: DOUBLE
SQLiteDatabase: DOUBLE
H2Database: DOUBLE
PostgresDatabase: DOUBLE PRECISION
UnsupportedDatabase: DOUBLE
DB2Database: DOUBLE
MSSQLDatabase: [float](53)
OracleDatabase: FLOAT(24)
HsqlDatabase: DOUBLE
FirebirdDatabase: DOUBLE PRECISION
DerbyDatabase: DOUBLE
InformixDatabase: DOUBLE PRECISION
SybaseDatabase: DOUBLE
SybaseASADatabase: DOUBLE

decimal
MySQLDatabase: DECIMAL
SQLiteDatabase: DECIMAL
H2Database: DECIMAL
PostgresDatabase: DECIMAL
UnsupportedDatabase: DECIMAL
DB2Database: DECIMAL
MSSQLDatabase: [decimal](18, 0)
OracleDatabase: DECIMAL
HsqlDatabase: DECIMAL
FirebirdDatabase: DECIMAL
DerbyDatabase: DECIMAL
InformixDatabase: DECIMAL
SybaseDatabase: DECIMAL
SybaseASADatabase: DECIMAL

number
MySQLDatabase: numeric
SQLiteDatabase: NUMBER
H2Database: NUMBER
PostgresDatabase: numeric
UnsupportedDatabase: NUMBER
DB2Database: numeric
MSSQLDatabase: [numeric](18, 0)
OracleDatabase: NUMBER
HsqlDatabase: numeric
FirebirdDatabase: numeric
DerbyDatabase: numeric
InformixDatabase: numeric
SybaseDatabase: numeric
SybaseASADatabase: numeric

blob
MySQLDatabase: LONGBLOB
SQLiteDatabase: BLOB
H2Database: BLOB
PostgresDatabase: BYTEA
UnsupportedDatabase: BLOB
DB2Database: BLOB
MSSQLDatabase: [varbinary](MAX)
OracleDatabase: BLOB
HsqlDatabase: BLOB
FirebirdDatabase: BLOB
DerbyDatabase: BLOB
InformixDatabase: BLOB
SybaseDatabase: IMAGE
SybaseASADatabase: LONG BINARY

function
MySQLDatabase: FUNCTION
SQLiteDatabase: FUNCTION
H2Database: FUNCTION
PostgresDatabase: FUNCTION
UnsupportedDatabase: FUNCTION
DB2Database: FUNCTION
MSSQLDatabase: [function]
OracleDatabase: FUNCTION
HsqlDatabase: FUNCTION
FirebirdDatabase: FUNCTION
DerbyDatabase: FUNCTION
InformixDatabase: FUNCTION
SybaseDatabase: FUNCTION
SybaseASADatabase: FUNCTION

UNKNOWN
MySQLDatabase: UNKNOWN
SQLiteDatabase: UNKNOWN
H2Database: UNKNOWN
PostgresDatabase: UNKNOWN
UnsupportedDatabase: UNKNOWN
DB2Database: UNKNOWN
MSSQLDatabase: [UNKNOWN]
OracleDatabase: UNKNOWN
HsqlDatabase: UNKNOWN
FirebirdDatabase: UNKNOWN
DerbyDatabase: UNKNOWN
InformixDatabase: UNKNOWN
SybaseDatabase: UNKNOWN
SybaseASADatabase: UNKNOWN

datetime
MySQLDatabase: datetime
SQLiteDatabase: TEXT
H2Database: TIMESTAMP
PostgresDatabase: TIMESTAMP WITHOUT TIME ZONE
UnsupportedDatabase: datetime
DB2Database: TIMESTAMP
MSSQLDatabase: [datetime]
OracleDatabase: TIMESTAMP
HsqlDatabase: TIMESTAMP
FirebirdDatabase: TIMESTAMP
DerbyDatabase: TIMESTAMP
InformixDatabase: DATETIME YEAR TO FRACTION(5)
SybaseDatabase: datetime
SybaseASADatabase: datetime

time
MySQLDatabase: time
SQLiteDatabase: time
H2Database: time
PostgresDatabase: TIME WITHOUT TIME ZONE
UnsupportedDatabase: time
DB2Database: time
MSSQLDatabase: [time](7)
OracleDatabase: DATE
HsqlDatabase: time
FirebirdDatabase: time
DerbyDatabase: time
InformixDatabase: INTERVAL HOUR TO FRACTION(5)
SybaseDatabase: time
SybaseASADatabase: time

timestamp
MySQLDatabase: timestamp
SQLiteDatabase: TEXT
H2Database: TIMESTAMP
PostgresDatabase: TIMESTAMP WITHOUT TIME ZONE
UnsupportedDatabase: timestamp
DB2Database: timestamp
MSSQLDatabase: [datetime]
OracleDatabase: TIMESTAMP
HsqlDatabase: TIMESTAMP
FirebirdDatabase: TIMESTAMP
DerbyDatabase: TIMESTAMP
InformixDatabase: DATETIME YEAR TO FRACTION(5)
SybaseDatabase: datetime
SybaseASADatabase: timestamp

date
MySQLDatabase: date
SQLiteDatabase: date
H2Database: date
PostgresDatabase: date
UnsupportedDatabase: date
DB2Database: date
MSSQLDatabase: [date]
OracleDatabase: date
HsqlDatabase: date
FirebirdDatabase: date
DerbyDatabase: date
InformixDatabase: date
SybaseDatabase: date
SybaseASADatabase: date

char
MySQLDatabase: CHAR
SQLiteDatabase: CHAR
H2Database: CHAR
PostgresDatabase: CHAR
UnsupportedDatabase: CHAR
DB2Database: CHAR
MSSQLDatabase: [char](1)
OracleDatabase: CHAR
HsqlDatabase: CHAR
FirebirdDatabase: CHAR
DerbyDatabase: CHAR
InformixDatabase: CHAR
SybaseDatabase: CHAR
SybaseASADatabase: CHAR

varchar
MySQLDatabase: VARCHAR
SQLiteDatabase: VARCHAR
H2Database: VARCHAR
PostgresDatabase: VARCHAR
UnsupportedDatabase: VARCHAR
DB2Database: VARCHAR
MSSQLDatabase: [varchar](1)
OracleDatabase: VARCHAR2
HsqlDatabase: VARCHAR
FirebirdDatabase: VARCHAR
DerbyDatabase: VARCHAR
InformixDatabase: VARCHAR
SybaseDatabase: VARCHAR
SybaseASADatabase: VARCHAR

nchar
MySQLDatabase: NCHAR
SQLiteDatabase: NCHAR
H2Database: NCHAR
PostgresDatabase: NCHAR
UnsupportedDatabase: NCHAR
DB2Database: NCHAR
MSSQLDatabase: [nchar](1)
OracleDatabase: NCHAR
HsqlDatabase: CHAR
FirebirdDatabase: NCHAR
DerbyDatabase: NCHAR
InformixDatabase: NCHAR
SybaseDatabase: NCHAR
SybaseASADatabase: NCHAR

nvarchar
MySQLDatabase: NVARCHAR
SQLiteDatabase: NVARCHAR
H2Database: NVARCHAR
PostgresDatabase: VARCHAR
UnsupportedDatabase: NVARCHAR
DB2Database: NVARCHAR
MSSQLDatabase: [nvarchar](1)
OracleDatabase: NVARCHAR2
HsqlDatabase: VARCHAR
FirebirdDatabase: NVARCHAR
DerbyDatabase: VARCHAR
InformixDatabase: NVARCHAR
SybaseDatabase: NVARCHAR
SybaseASADatabase: NVARCHAR

clob
MySQLDatabase: LONGTEXT
SQLiteDatabase: TEXT
H2Database: CLOB
PostgresDatabase: TEXT
UnsupportedDatabase: CLOB
DB2Database: CLOB
MSSQLDatabase: [varchar](MAX)
OracleDatabase: CLOB
HsqlDatabase: CLOB
FirebirdDatabase: BLOB SUB_TYPE TEXT
DerbyDatabase: CLOB
InformixDatabase: CLOB
SybaseDatabase: TEXT
SybaseASADatabase: LONG VARCHAR

currency
MySQLDatabase: DECIMAL
SQLiteDatabase: REAL
H2Database: DECIMAL
PostgresDatabase: DECIMAL
UnsupportedDatabase: DECIMAL
DB2Database: DECIMAL(19, 4)
MSSQLDatabase: [money]
OracleDatabase: NUMBER(15, 2)
HsqlDatabase: DECIMAL
FirebirdDatabase: DECIMAL(18, 4)
DerbyDatabase: DECIMAL
InformixDatabase: MONEY
SybaseDatabase: MONEY
SybaseASADatabase: MONEY

uuid
MySQLDatabase: char(36)
SQLiteDatabase: TEXT
H2Database: UUID
PostgresDatabase: UUID
UnsupportedDatabase: char(36)
DB2Database: char(36)
MSSQLDatabase: [uniqueidentifier]
OracleDatabase: RAW(16)
HsqlDatabase: char(36)
FirebirdDatabase: char(36)
DerbyDatabase: char(36)
InformixDatabase: char(36)
SybaseDatabase: UNIQUEIDENTIFIER
SybaseASADatabase: UNIQUEIDENTIFIER
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